Global Mean Sea Level Reconstruction since 1700 by Jevrejeva et al, 2008

This page provides a short description and file with data of global sea level reconstruction for the period 1700-2002 by Jevrejeva, S., Moore, J. C., Grinsted, A., and P.L. Woodworth. All questions about the data themselves should be addressed to Dr. Svetlana Jevrejeva .

Sea level reconstruction since 1700, the shadow represents the errors of the reconstruction

reconstruction of global mean sea level since 1700

The "virtual station" GSL calculated from 1023 tide gauge records [Jevrejeva et al., 2006], optimally solves the sampling problem of station locations. Detailed descriptions of these time series are available from the data page at the PSMSL. All data sets were corrected for local datum changes and glacial isostatic adjustment (GIA) of the solid Earth [Peltier, 2001]. The reconstruction preserves volcanic signatures [Grinsted et al., 2007] and also has published standard errors [Jevrejeva et al., 2006].

Authors extend the record backwards from 1850 using three of the longest (though discontinuous) tide gauge records available: Amsterdam, since 1700 [ Van Veen, 1945], Liverpool, since 1768 [Woodworth, 1999] and Stockholm, since 1774 [Ekman, 1988]. We remove the linear part of each record, which contains the land movement component, by comparing each time series with the existing GSL for the period of overlap.

More infomation about data and methods for calculation of global sea level and errors can be found in "Recent global sea level acceleration started over 200 years ago?", Jevrejeva, S., J. C. Moore, A. Grinsted, and P. L. Woodworth (2008), Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L08715, doi:10.1029/2008GL033611.:

The data file can be downloaded by Clicking here.

Description of the file:

The file has three columns:

  • 1. time (year)
  • 2. global sea level (mm)
  • 3. error of the rate (mm)
  • ,


    Ekman M., 1988. The world's longest continuous series of sea level observations. Pure Appl. Geophys., 127, 73-77.

    Grinsted, A., J.C. Moore, and S. Jevrejeva. 2007. Observational evidence for volcanic impact on sea level and the global water cycle, PNAS, Vol, 104, nr. 50, 19730-19734, www.pnas.org_cgi_doi_10.1073_pnas.0705825104.

    Jevrejeva, S., Grinsted, A., Moore, J. and S. Holgate. "Nonlinear trends and multiyear cycles in sea level records", J. Geophys. Res., 111, C09012, 2006, doi:10.1029/2005JC003229. Download pdf ,

    Peltier, W.R. 2001. Global glacial isostatic adjustment and modern instrumental records of relative sea level history. In Sea Level Rise, Douglas, B.C., Kearney, M.S., and S.P. Leatherman (Eds.), Academic Press.

    Van Veen J. 1945. Bestaat er een geologische bodemdaling te Amsterdam sedert 1700?, Tijdschrift Koninklijk Nederlandsch Aardrijkskundig Genootschap, 2e reeks, deel LXII.

    Woodworth, P.L. 1999. High waters at Liverpool since 1768: the UK's longest sea level record. Geophys. Res. Lett, 26(11): 1589-1592.